Harlech’s battlements spring out of a near-vertical cliff-face.
‘Men of Harlech.’ The nation’s unofficial anthem, loved by rugby fans and regimental bands alike, is said to describe the siege which took place here during the War of the Roses, wherein a handful of men held out against a besieging army of thousands. Edward’s tried and tested ‘walls within walls’ model was put together in super-fast time between 1283 and 1295 by an army of nearly a thousand skilled craftsmen and labourers.
Ymestyn murfylchau castell Harlech allan o wyneb craig serth.
‘Rhyfelgyrch Gwŷr Harlech’. Dyma anthem answyddogol Cymru, sy’n boblogaidd gyda chefnogwyr rygbi a bandiau catrodol. Mae’r gân yn disgrifio’r gwarchae a fu yma yn ystod Rhyfeloedd y Rhosynnod, lle brwydrodd llond dwrn o ddynion yn erbyn byddin ymosodol yn cynnwys miloedd o filwyr. Adeiladwyd model ‘muriau o fewn muriau’ llwyddiannus Edward yn gyflym iawn rhwng 1283 a 1295 gan fyddin o bron i fil o grefftwyr a llafurwyr medrus.
Harlech Castle Lesson Plans
Pre-programme activity 1
The aim of this activity is for pupils to use the WWW to research Harlech Castle and produce a one or two page guide to the Castle in Word or PDF format. Teachers can either get pupils to work individually and produce one booklet each or in groups to produce the resources and then collate into one booklet. Pupils will need to identify copyright free photographs and other images to add to their guide.
The aim of this session is to encourage pupils to work together to build small replicas of the Castle using no more than 300 standard LEGO bricks. Teachers can either provide the photographs and floor plans of the Castle or encourage pupils to find their own using the WWW. An added activity would be for pupils to use their downloaded photographs and floor plans to produce a PowerPoint or multimedia slide show. Teachers will need to provide the LEGO bricks and boards for this activity.
The aims of this activity are to encourage pupils to work together to produce a storyboard and to successfully complete word searches and crosswords which link to Harlech Castle. Teachers should ensure that the stories are relevant to Harlech Castle and life in medieval Wales. Pupils should then be given a word search or crossword puzzle to complete individually. Teachers should go through the answers with the pupils at the end of the session.
The aim of this activity is for pupils to create their own quiz of Harlech Castle. Working as part of a group, pupils should be encouraged to use the Internet to help them create a quiz for their class to complete. This activity will help develop team working, communication and IT Skills. Teachers should ensure that quizzes are a suitable length (no longer than 10 questions) and link to Harlech Castle and medieval Wales. Teachers should also give each quiz to a different group to complete towards the end of the lesson, and leave time for the answers to be given
The aim of this activity is to encourage pupils to work together to produce a guide or handout of the Castle. Pupils should be encouraged to incorporate photographs they have taken during the visit to the Castle to make it more personal. Teachers may also wish to include the School logo and other information. The use of IT should be encouraged, pupils may also wish to produce their own art work for the guide or handout. Pupils may either work as a group or teachers may wish to split the class into different teams and each team could produce a guide or handout. Teachers may also wish to extend this activity by producing a multimedia video of the guide or handout.
The aim of this activity is for pupils to use IT to produce a group presentation that can be given to the School highlighting the activities they have done during the programme. The activity will develop team working; negotiation; problem solving; confidence building; public speaking and a range of other ‘soft skills’. The assignment will also develop the pupil’s IT skills and they should be encouraged to undertake research and more complex IT skills during these sessions. Depending on the complexity this session may require two 60-minute sessions.
The aim of this activity is for you to create a presentation showing lots of photos of Harlech Castle. You will then show this presentation to your class and tell them what you have learned during this project. You can write a script for your presentation – and even act out a scene showing what you now know about Harlech Castle and Medieval Wales.
Cadw is the Welsh Government’s historic environment service working for an accessible and well-protected historic environment for Wales. They conserve Wales’s heritage, help people understand and care about their history, help sustain the distinctive character of Wales, Cadw is a Welsh word meaning ‘to keep’ or ‘to protect’.